EVOLUTION OF THE CRISIS AT A GLANCE
One year after the passage of Hurricane Matthew, nearly 1 million people are still in need of some form of humanitarian assistance.
The humanitarian situation in Haiti, however, notably evolved in 2017: 1.32 million people were estimated to be living in severe food insecurity compared to the 1.5 million in the previous year, there was a 67% decrease in the total number of suspected cases of cholera in comparison with 2016 and the cumulative number of migrants deported or who spontaneously returned from Dominican Republic since July 2015 increased from 158,800 in December 2016 to 230,300 in October 2017. The combined effects of these recurrent needs prevent the country’s full recovery and continue to weaken its resilience against future shocks and stresses.
In 2018, the humanitarian community in Haiti will primarily focus on food insecurity, cholera epidemic, binational migration situation, IDPs still living in camps, unmet needs of people affected by recent disasters and preparedness for possible natural disasters in 2018. The response strategy for 2018 will be anchored on the initial strategy for 2017- 2018 which was developed based on the results of the analysis of humanitarian needs in the country. The strategy considered the diverse humanitarian needs in different parts of the country, the possible evolution of the needs and potential emergence of new needs.
The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was informed by geographic severity ranking analysis, vulnerability assessment in line with the need-based approach and protection risk analysis. The HRP will thus continue to be bounded by the following HCT-agreed criteria: life- saving, time-critical/time-bound, high vulnerability, legal status of the affected population, cost-effectiveness, and alignment with the national response. Within these criteria, women, children, the elderly, and people with special needs, will be prioritized considering their specific vulnerabilities. The classification of inter-sector severity of needs determined the prioritization of departments in 2018: Grand’Anse, Sud and Ouest with the highest priority; Artibonite, Centre, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest and Nippes second highest; Nord and Sud-Est the least priority. Further prioritization has been done at sectoral response strategy level based on the sector-specific severity, taking into account the geographical dynamics of individual sectors.
In addition, the response plan will be addressing humanitarian needs in Haiti through an integrated approach.
This includes reinforcing the multi-sectoral response that considers the various divergent needs of Haitians and strengthening of the humanitarian-development nexus (since structural development issues influence humanitarian dynamics) while addressing cross-cutting issues such as centrality of protection, gender and age-based programming, cash-based programming and accountability to affected populations.